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a collaborative knowledge base characterizing the state of current thought in Cognitive Science.
The top-down modulation of cognitive processes based on higher-order representations such as goals or plans.


executive control, executive function

Definition contributed by Anonymous

Asserted relationships to other concepts

Tasks that are asserted to measure cognitive control

Task Contrast Measure

backward digit span task
  • sequence length

Simon task
  • incorrect minus correct

Mindstrong for Regulation of Cognition
  • executive function data

Immersive Virtual Reality Assay for Target: Regulation of Cognition (Behavioral and Self-Report)
  • regulation of cognition

digit span task
  • backward

Trail Making Test A and B
  • ANOVA of time by age group

WISC-R Mazes
  • participant score minus average score

Wisconsin card sorting test
  • Total number of categories acheived

Porteus maze test
  • mental age (difficulty) of maze

WAIS Digit Span
  • number in correct order
  • number correct backward

Conners 3rd Edition
  • executive functioning

NIH Toolbox Dimensional Change Card Sort Test
  • correct

  • amount consumed

  • subject score minus population-matched average score

Mini Mental State Examination
  • participant score minus average score

underlining test
  • # correct minus # incorrect/30 or 60 seconds

attention networks test
  • Incongruent minus congruent: Conflict / Executive network efficiency

One Touch Stockings of Cambridge
  • number of moves required to complete task

self ordered pointing task
  • accuracy of participant minus average accuracy of controls

divided auditory attention
  • response time and accuracy


An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function.
Miller EK, Cohen JD
Annual review of neuroscience (Annu Rev Neurosci)