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a collaborative knowledge base characterizing the state of current thought in Cognitive Science.
active maintenance and flexible updating of goal/task relevant information (items, goals, strategies, etc.) in a form that resists interference but has limited capacity. These representations may involve flexible binding of representations, may be characterized by the absence of external support for the internally maintained representations, and are frequently temporary due to ongoing interference

Definition contributed by Anonymous

Tasks that are asserted to measure working memory

Task Contrast Measure

backward digit span task
  • sequence length

behavioral rating inventory of executive function
  • Inconsistency Scale

directed forgetting task
  • recalling ability

adaptive n-back task
  • correct matching

dual-task weather prediction
  • dual task classification learning trials

motor fMRI task paradigm
  • Cue

Change Detection Task
  • number correct
  • false positives

WAIS Digit Span
  • number in correct order
  • number correct backward
  • number correct forward

NIH Toolbox List Sorting Working Memory Test
  • number of items correctly recalled

complex span test
  • sequence length

span/supra-span test
  • supra-span minus span

word identification
  • response time to known words minus (or learned words) response time to unknown words

operation span task
  • operation span of participant minus average operation span of controls

keep-track task
  • accuracy of subject minus average accuracy of controls

immediate recall test
  • number or percentage of words remembered

free word list recall
  • category list
  • emotion manipulation versus control

forward digit span task
  • length of longest correct sequence

face n-back task
  • identity detection
  • emotion detection

n-back task
  • 1-back
  • 2-back
  • 3-back
  • 3-back minus 1-back

delayed nonmatch to sample task
  • delay
  • delay minus no delay

Wisconsin card sorting test
  • Failure to maintain set

delayed match to sample task
  • reaction time to correct stimuli

digit span task
  • forward
  • backward

digit/symbol coding test
  • immediate memory copy


Working memory.
Baddeley A
1992 Jan 31