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Subjects repeat or recite phonemes, words, or well-known text (nursery rhymes, Pledge of Allegiance, months of the year, etc.) aloud.

Definition contributed by Anonymous
Phenotypes associated with recitation/repetition (overt)


No associations have been added.


No associations have been added.


No associations have been added.

IMPLEMENTATIONS of recitation/repetition (overt)
No implementations have been added.
EXTERNAL DATASETS for recitation/repetition (overt)
No implementations have been added.

Experimental conditions are the subsets of an experiment that define the relevant experimental manipulation.


You must specify conditions before you can define contrasts.

In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.

BOLD activity
ERP (event-related potential)
areas of activation

An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).


A developmental fMRI study of reading and repetition reveals changes in phonological and visual mechanisms over age.
Church JA, Coalson RS, Lugar HM, Petersen SE, Schlaggar BL
Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991) (Cereb Cortex)
2008 Sep

Cortical gamma-oscillations modulated by listening and overt repetition of phonemes.
Fukuda M, Rothermel R, Juhász C, Nishida M, Sood S, Asano E
NeuroImage (Neuroimage)
2010 Feb 1