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Subjects chew an oral stimulus that is not food (e.g., gum) or swallow their own saliva. If the oral stimulus is food or liquid that is swallowed, then the correct paradigm class is eating/drinking

Definition contributed by Anonymous
chewing/swallowing has been asserted to measure the following CONCEPTS
Phenotypes associated with chewing/swallowing


No associations have been added.


No associations have been added.


No associations have been added.

IMPLEMENTATIONS of chewing/swallowing
No implementations have been added.
EXTERNAL DATASETS for chewing/swallowing
No implementations have been added.

Experimental conditions are the subsets of an experiment that define the relevant experimental manipulation.


You must specify conditions before you can define contrasts.

In the Cognitive Atlas, we define a contrast as any function over experimental conditions. The simplest contrast is the indicator value for a specific condition; more complex contrasts include linear or nonlinear functions of the indicator across different experimental conditions.

physiological measures (heart rate, skin conductance, regional cerebral blood flow, blood pressure, etc.)
EEG activity
areas of activation

An indicator is a specific quantitative or qualitative variable that is recorded for analysis. These may include behavioral variables (such as response time, accuracy, or other measures of performance) or physiological variables (including genetics, psychophysiology, or brain imaging data).


Age-related differences in laterality of cortical activations in swallowing.
Malandraki GA, Sutton BP, Perlman AL, Karampinos DC
Dysphagia (Dysphagia)
2010 Sep

Age-related changes in brain regional activity during chewing: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
Onozuka M, Fujita M, Watanabe K, Hirano Y, Niwa M, Nishiyama K, Saito S
(J Dent Res)
2003 Aug

Contingent negative variations associated with command swallowing in humans.
Nonaka T, Yoshida M, Yamaguchi T, Uchida A, Ohba H, Oka S, Nakajima I
Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (Clin Neurophysiol)
2009 Oct

Effects of age and stimulus on submental mechanomyography signals during swallowing.
Lee J, Chau T, Steele CM
Dysphagia (Dysphagia)
2009 Sep